Parenting self-efficacy and social support in Japan and the United States

Sawako Suzuki, Susan D. Halloway, Yoko Yamamato, Jessica D. Mindnich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


To understand the conditions that give rise to parenting self-efficacy in Japan and the United States, the authors have investigated its relation to the perceptions of support available to mothers of children in the final year of preschool ( N = 235; n = 121 in United States, n = 114 in Japan). Hierarchical regression analysis indicates that in both countries, women who experience higher parenting self-efficacy report more positive childhood memories of parental support and greater satisfaction with husband’s and friends’ support. Mothers in the United States are significantly more self-efficacious than are mothers in Japan, even after controlling for the effects of the support predictors. A follow-up mediational analysis reveals that Japanese women’s lower levels of parenting self-efficacy are partially attributable to their low satisfaction with husband’s support.

Original languageAmerican English
JournalJournal of Family Issues
StatePublished - Jun 8 2009


  • parenting self-efficacy
  • social support
  • cross-cultural differences
  • mothers
  • Japan
  • childhood memory


  • Education

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