Happiness at Work: Organizational Culture, Job Embeddedness, and Continuance Commitment

Maria Pepey, Esmery De Jesus, Michael J. Rubino, Elsa-Sofia Morote, Marshall Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study was conducted to determine if there was a mean difference between employee levels of happiness (Happy and Non Happy) and their perceptions on their Organization’s Culture, Job Embeddedness and Continuance Commitment with their jobs in faith-based higher education institutions. Fifty-nine administrators, leaders and workers responded to the Organizational Leadership Assessment (OLA) survey. From this survey, and after factor analysis, we found three major variables: Organizational Culture, Job Embeddedness, and Continuance Commitment. A significant difference was found between happy an non happy employees’ views on the variables, Organizational Culture and Job Embeddedness. However, no statistical significance was found between being happy at work and not being happy at work in regard to Continuance Commitment. This study will contribute to the body of knowledge concerning the theory of happiness by meeting the need for additional empirical research in employee subjective well-being and job satisfaction in higher education.

Original languageAmerican English
JournalXV International Business and Economy Conference
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016


  • Happiness at work
  • Organizational Culture
  • Job Embeddedness
  • Continuance Commitment


  • Education
  • Leadership Studies

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